What You Need to Know about Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms and Other Important Factors

Diabetes is well-known as one of the serious health problem that most of people have today. We can describe this disease as the body inability to control blood sugar. In normal condition, body produces insulin in enough amounts, which has function as the blood sugar level controller. However, the problem make our body can’t control it, which lead to many other health problem. Diabetes itself has many different types. One of them is Diabetes Insipidus. So, What Is Diabetes Insipidus?

Diabetes Insipidus Definition

Diabetes Insipidus SymptomsSo, what is Diabetes Insipidus Definition? Diabetes Insipidus is one of diabetes type that make the patient has imbalance amount of water in their body. This condition makes those who have this problem, always feel thirsty. They even want to drink more, right after they drink water.  And, with too much water intake, they will urinate more often; even the amount of urine they excrete is much more than normal people. Unfortunately, the cure for Diabetes Insipidus hasn’t been found today. There is some treatment to ease the thirst and urine problem. However, other than that, there is no other way to cure this diabetes. However, you must know one thing. Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus are two different diabetes types.

The Different Between Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus

So, What Is The Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus? Here are the explanations.


Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Insipidus

What is it?

Problem on pancreas

Hypothalamic disorder

The cause

Insulin deficiency

ADH deficiency

Blood sugar condition

Hyperglycemia or blood sugar rise really high

No change on blood sugar level

Glucose condition

Too much glucose and it is excreted along with urine

No glucose excretion

Urine condition


Very dilute

Urine volume



Cholesterol level


Normally doesn’t increase


Increase extremely


Ketone condition

High level of ketone in blood and urine.

No ketone level change in blood and urine.

By looking at those different, we can see that Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus has big different. More than that, you can tell the difference from the symptoms. So, what are the symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus?

The Symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus

The most important thing to deal with Diabetes Insipidus is, understanding the Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms. This information will help you to do earlier detection for any sign of this diabetes. Then, you can ask help from doctor for further treatment to ease it out. So, here are the symptoms you need to know:

  • Thirsty – you will feel extreme thirst almost anytime

  • Excessive urine amount excretion – you will go to toilet more than you ever imagine

Those two are commons symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus. Mostly, people doesn’t aware with the symptoms and they think those were only common condition, when they are tired. However, there is big different between the tired condition and those Diabetes Insipidus sign. For example, the urine output has increased significantly. Normally, you will only excrete around 3 quarts or 3 liters per day. However, people with Diabetes Insipidus can reach 16 quarts or around 15 liters per day. This condition will lead you to drink more than normal. The too much urinate process also can happen a lot at night and bed-wetting problem.

The most important thing here, the symptoms can happen to anyone, regardless their age. Baby and children even can have this problem. So, Diabetes Insipidus Is When you have the condition that can cause it. The Diabetes Insipidus symptoms on baby and children are:

  • Keep crying

  • Sleeping problem

  • Fever

  • Vomiting

  • Diarrhea

  • Growth problem

  • Losing too much weight

The Cause of Diabetes Insipidus

So, what caused Diabetes Insipidus? Diabetes Insipidus Is Caused By inability of your body to handle fluid. In normal condition, your body has ability to excrete excessive fluid from your bloodstream through your urine. Kidneys have the task to do this job. Your body release Anti-Diuretic Hormone (ADH), which is also known as vasopressin, into bloodstream. ADH is basically a hormone that will prevent dehydration. When it is released, your kidneys will release the fluid into your bloodstream that was previously store in it. But, in Diabetes Insipidus case, body unable to produce ADH. The result is your kidney will always release fluids through urine and it can’t handle the dehydration problem.

Diabetes Insipidus Type

The Diabetes Insipidus cause also can be determined by their type. Here are Types Of Diabetes Insipidus that you need to know.

  • Central Diabetes Insipidus – caused by damage on pituitary gland or hypothalamus, which is the place that produce ADH. The damage can come from many factors, from accident, tumor or surgery.

  • Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus – caused by kidney problem. Mostly, your kidney’s structure defect has responsible in this diabetes type. With this defect, your kidney unable to respond to ADH, which make it unable to functioned properly.

  • Gestational Diabetes Insipidus – caused by hormonal change, which usually happen during pregnancy. This condition will destroy ADH. This is including rare diabetes type.

  • Primary Polydipsia – caused by excessive fluid intake.

How to Treat Diabetes Insipidus?

Diabetes Insipidus Treatment is different for each type. Here are the explanations.

  • Central Diabetes Insipidus – treatment can be done by using desmopressin (synthetic hormone to replace ADH)

  • Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus – most of doctor will give you recipe for low-salt diet. This will help your kidney to function normally. Hydrochlorothiazide is one of medicine that you will usually use.

  • Gestational Diabetes Insipidus – the treatment for this diabetes type is using desmopressin. However, in rare case where thirst mechanism is the cause of this diabetes type, your doctor won’t give you this medicine.

  • Primary Polydipsia – this diabetes type can also be considered as psychological diabetes. Therefore, there is no medication or specific method to treat it. What you can do is reducing your fluid intake as well as doing some mental treatment to reduce the symptoms.

Basically, those were the symptoms and other information that you must know about Diabetes Insipidus lcd 10. Those will help you to understand more about this disease. And, that also can help you to get help and treatment, which is suitable with your condition.

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