Today’s lifestyle, where people tend to eat anything that they like and lack of exercise result in one of serious health problem anyone can have. It’s diabetes. Actually, there are several types of diabetes. But, most of people call them all diabetes disease for simple purpose. This is wrong. Different diabetes type has different treatment. The common diabetes case that most of people suffer is diabetes Mellitus. And, there is also other types of Diabetes, which is called Diabetes Insipidus. So, What Is The Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus?
Different Between Diabetes Mellitus and Insipidus
The main different is the cause. Diabetes Mellitus is caused by insulin factor. On the other hand, Diabetes Insipidus is caused by Auto-Dehydrate Hormone (ADH). Diabetes Mellitus happen when there is little or no insulin that can control your blood sugar. It leads to high blood sugar level condition. On the other hand, Diabetes Insipidus happen because ADH doesn’t function normally. This will make you dehydrate and tired, because your body will have low supply of water. You also excrete urine in large amount. However, what we are going to discuss here is Diabetes Mellitus. So, What Is Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes Mellitus Explanation
In simple way, we can describe Diabetes Mellitus Definition as the disease where our body can’t produce enough insulin to balance the blood sugar level. This problem create condition where your body unable to absorb energy from food. Then, you will feel tired all the time.
Common Diabetes Mellitus Symptoms are:
- Urinate a lot
- Extreme thirst
- Weight loss
- Extreme hunger
- Vision problem
- Numbness on your hand and feet
- Tired almost all the time
- Dry skin
- Sores and it difficult to heal
- Get more infection than normal people
Some of those symptoms are easily to notice. However, some of other is difficult, where you will need to visit your doctor to do some check up to know more about your body condition. Therefore, once you find one of those symptoms, quickly go to doctor. Or, you also can schedule for regular checkup for your blood sugar level. Other than that, you also need to do some test to know, if you have diabetes or not. So, What Test Is Used For Diagnosis Of Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes Mellitus Test
There are several tests you need to conduct, to know more about this diabetes. They are fasting sugar blood test, A1c blood test or glycated hemoglobin test. Here, you need to fast for at least 8 hours before the test. Therefore, your body won’t get any extra intake of sugar or other. But, for A1c blood test, you don’t need to do fasting. When your blood sugar show 100 mg/dl (5.6 mmol/l), this is normal level. However, there are several conditions based on this test that become the sign you have diabetes problem:
- 126 mg/dl (7 mmol/l) or more
- Over 200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol.l) from two random blood sugar test, plus diabetes symptoms
- Over 200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l) from oral glucose test.
- More 6.5% from A1c test result for two different days, when you take the test.
The most important thing you need to understand here is always taking the test from credible testing center. Make sure they have certification for doing the test. That will give you more accurate result. At least, they must have National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program (NGSP) certification and Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) standard.
Diabetes Mellitus Types
Diabetes Mellitus has different type with different condition. Basically, there are three diabetes Mellitus type. They are Diabetes Mellitus Type 1, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes. So, here are the explanations.
- Type 1
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 occurs when pancreas unable to produce enough amount of insulin. Because of this condition, your body can’t break the sugar from your food to produce energy. Therefore, people with this type of diabetes will feel tired, fatigue and always hungry. People with Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 need to take insulin injection regularly to control their blood sugar level. Because of this condition, this diabetes type also is called as Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus. People with Diabetes Type 1 won’t be able to live without taking insulin injection. This diabetes happens on people under 30’s. However, there is also big possibility that anyone can have this health problem.
- Type 2
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 happens when insulin can’t work normally. The pancreas produce insulin, but because of lack amount of insulin or other factor, it can’t control blood sugar level. Mostly, those who are 40 years old or people with weight problem have this problem. This type, which also has code as Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Icd 10, doesn’t need insulin injection. However, they need to manage their diet and life. Basically, you have to live healthier to keep your body in normal condition and avoid other health problem. But, in some case, you might also need to take oral medication for lowering your glucose or insulin injection, although the amount isn’t as much or frequent as type 1.
- Gestational Diabetes
This diabetes happens during pregnancy. Because of hormone changes, the production of insulin usually is also affected. And, it can create condition where you have high blood sugar level.
How to Treat Diabetes Mellitus?
Treatment Of Diabetes Mellitus basically is classified into two type of treatment. First, you need to take medication. Blood sugar controller medication and insulin injection are two common medications for Diabetes Mellitus patient. Your doctor will give you this, according to the type of diabetes that you have.
The other treatment is glucose management. It can be done by controlling the food that you eat. Basically, this treatment is related to your lifestyle. Healthy lifestyle is recommended to deal with diabetes. However, there are several fruits and vegetables that consist of high level of sugar, which isn’t good for diabetic. So, once again, consult with your doctor and nutritionist to get the right menu for you. Basically, Diabetes is incurable. Therefore, you need to prevent it or manage it, if you have already had it.