Diabetes is a health condition, where your body unable to process sugar that came from the food you eats. This condition will give you many other health problems. Moreover, the problem with blood sugar process in your body also can cause many other type of Diabetes. One of them is Diabetic Ketoacidosis. When you get this type of Diabetes, you need to be extra careful. Diabetes Ketoacidosis can be considered as one of dangerous Diabetes type. To prevent and treat this health problem, you must know more about Diabetic Ketoacidosis. So, What Is Diabetic Ketoacidosis?
Diabetic Ketoacidosis Explanation
Diabetic Ketoacidosis is condition where cells in our body can’t get enough glucose. And, this glucose is important for cell as the fuel. Cells will change glucose into energy, which can support its life. How can this happen? Diabetic Ketoacidosis Occurs When cell can’t absorb the glucose. And that glucose that wasn’t absorbed stay in blood, which will filtered by kidneys and excrete along with urine. To get the energy, cells in our body will try to get from other source, which is fats and muscle. This process will produce ketones or fatty acid. Cell will release ketones into bloodstream. This will cause metabolic acidosis or chemical imbalance, which is also called as Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
What Cause Diabetic Ketoacidosis?
How the condition that described on Diabetic Ketoacidosis Definition part, can occurs? The main cause is the lack of insulin, like other Diabetes cases. Insulin that helps our body to process glucose makes cells in our body unable to use glucose like what it should be. So, basically, people with Diabetes type 1 have bigger chance to also get Diabetic Ketoacidosis, although type 1 also has some chance to get this disease.
Then, dehydration or severe infection also can cause cells unable to use glucose. Illness can trigger body to produce specific hormone, such as adrenalin or cortisol, to keep our body to get energy to fight against virus or bacteria that cause that illness. However, adrenalin and cortisol work like anti-insulin. Insulin won’t be able to work normally, which trigger Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
This diabetic also can happen because you missed insulin treatment. It causes the insulin level in your body become much lower than it should be. And, the risk of getting Diabetic Ketoacidosis will increase. Other cause that has possibility to trigger Diabetic Ketoacidosis is trauma physically or mentally, heart attack, alcohol and drug, as well as medication, like corticosteroid and diuretic medicine. That’s What Causes Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
What Is the Symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis?
The Diabetic Ketoacidosis Symptoms and Signs are almost similar to general Diabetes symptoms. For example:
• Skin problem, it could be hot, inflammation or dry skin,
• Eye problem, usually your vision will become blur,
• Extreme thirst,
• Urinate a lot,
• Drowsiness. In young children case, they won’t interest with normal activity,
• Rapid and deep breathing, with fruity breath odor,
• Loss appetite,
And, when you go to doctor for health check up, you will find other two sign that you have Diabetic Ketoacidosis. They are:
• Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar level),
• Your urine has high ketone level.
The first step is to detect it. There are several tests that you need to take, such as blood and urine test, where you can get both of them when you take laboratory test. From this test, you can check your blood sugar level as well as ketones. However, there are also some test kits that you can use to test your ketones level at home. You can use it to know first your condition. You can find more about the test and how to diagnose Diabetic Ketoacidosis by using Diabetic Ketoacidosis Icd 9 code.
After you know the result, now, you can start to treat your Diabetic Ketoacidosis. In Diabetic Ketoacidosis Treatment and Guidelines, basically there are three treatments that you need to do. They are:
• Fluid Replacement
One of the Diabetic Ketoacidosis symptoms is excessive urinate. Therefore, you will get this treatment to replace the fluids inside your body. More than that, the enough amounts of fluids from this treatment will help your body to dilute sugar in your blood. This will help your cells to absorb it easily.
• Electrolyte Replacement
The excessive urinate also make your body lack of electrolyte. Electrolyte is important to make your organs, like heart, muscle and nerve system, works normally. This treatment is necessary to prevent other health problem.
• Insulin Therapy
This treatment is needed to normalize the level of insulin and blood sugar inside your body. However, you can’t keep doing this treatment. You must stop this treatment, after your blood sugar level go to normal level.
Those were some of treatments that you need to do to deal with Diabetic Ketoacidosis. However, you also must aware, that those treatments can produce some of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Complications.
Diabetic Ketoacidosis Complications
At least, there are 3 complications that can happen, because of the treatment.
• Hypoglycemia – too much insulin intake will result on blood sugar level that droops much faster. And it can produce the hypoglycemia or low blood sugar condition.
• Hypokalemia – too much insulin and fluids intake also can lower potassium level in your body. This condition is also known as hypokalemia. And, this condition can cause heart, muscle and nerves system problem.
• Cerebral Edema – when there are too fast changes on your blood sugar level, it also can cause Cerebral Edema or brain swelling. Mostly, it happens on children.
By looking at those complications, some of you maybe are afraid to take any treatment. However, if you know how to Define Diabetic Ketoacidosis, by looking at the explanation above, you know how dangerous this Diabetes type really is. Therefore, it will be more risky, if you don’t take any treatment. Therefore, once you find that you have some of symptoms that mentioned above, you need to go to your doctor. Your doctor knows more about Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology and they will give you what you need to do to treat it. Otherwise, it will only harm your life.