Does Type 2 Diabetes Go Away? Many diabetics are very pessimistic about curing their illness, but is it true that diabetes can not be cured? The answer, is it can not be said to be completely cured. No wonder, we often hear a lot of information that conveys how to prevent diabetes, Because diabetes so appear, then diabetes becomes permanent. Therefore, for the case of diabetes if not until prevention occurs is a better thing than cure.
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Although diabetes can not be cured, it can be treated and controlled. That is, patients can keep blood sugar levels remain in normal levels so as not to cause complications (more advanced disease than early disease). Thus expected the patient to live a normal life without diabetes symptoms appear disturbing.
Then how to handle and control diabetes? To find out, it is advisable we must know in advance what is the condition of diabetes.
Understanding The Condition Of Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus (DM) or often called diabetes is a state of the body disordered in balancing sugar levels. In these conditions, sugar levels in the body of diabetics are in very high levels. Inside the medical condition, the high level of sugar in the blood is called hyperglycemia.
How can blood sugar levels in people with diabetes increase? This is caused by the failure of the pancreas organ to produce a balanced hormone insulin with the amount of sugar in the blood. The reason, the hormone insulin is the main hormone that controls the sugar from the blood into most of the cells in the body. The hormone insulin can be said to have the task of carrying and absorbing glucose (sugar in the blood) into energy.
From the point of view of the function of the hormone insulin, diabetes is divided into two types, namely:
Type 1 Diabetes
In people with type 1 diabetes, which occurs in the body is the hormone insulin failed to be produced by pancreatic organs. Thus the sugar in the blood is too much and fails to become energy because there is not enough amount of insulin hormone.
Type 2 Diabetes
In patients with type 2 diabetes, what happens to their bodies is different from type 1 diabetes. The condition of the amount of insulin hormone in people with type 2 diabetes can be said to be enough to balance the amount of sugar content. However, what happens is the hormone insulin function disorder. Ie failed to absorb and convert sugar into energy.
When the hormone insulin fails to function to help convert sugar into energy, then the thing that happens is the sugar levels in the blood become increased and fail to become energy.
Risk Factors Of Diabetes In Someone
Diabetes can be caused by two classes of risk factors, namely:
1. Risk factors that can not be modified
This means that there are some body circumstances that a person is more likely to cause diabetes in a person because of the factor since birth is innate and can not be changed. These include:
- Genetics; there is a family history of having diabetes increasing the occurrence of diabetes in a person.
- Age; aging factors make some organs decrease in function. One of the most important role in diabetes is the pancreatic organs that potentially decrease the function of producing the hormone insulin. Since the risk of diabetes mellitus increases with age, it is advisable if you are> 45 years old, should start regularly to check blood sugar levels regularly.
- Weight at birth; history of mother delivering baby with baby’s birth weight> 4000 gram or mother having suffered DM while pregnant (DM gestasional) increasing the risk of diabetes happening. In contrast, a low birth weight history (<2.5 kg) also has a risk of developing diabetes when the baby is growing up.
2. Risk factors that can be modified
This factor is the cause of diabetes as a result of lifestyle.
This factor is the cause of diabetes as a consequence of poor lifestyle. Examples such as:
- Obesity; Excess body weight is very risky for diabetes.
- Physical activity is lacking; a body that tends to be rarely exercised, or rarely actively engaged, is particularly at risk for developing diabetes.
- Smoke; smoking is not only harmful to the respiratory or cardiovascular organs, but also increases the risk of diabetes.
- High blood disease; ÊAnyone who underestimates the condition of high blood (hypertension), then it is likely he can have diabetes in the future.
- High cholesterol; as well as hypertension, uncontrolled cholesterol conditions, can lead to diabetes. The mean threshold of cholesterol levels at risk for diabetes is with HDL (good fat) <35mg / dL, and triglyceride levels> 250 mg / dL. It is therefore important to constantly check your cholesterol levels regularly.
- Unhealthy diet; If too much food is high in sugar and low in fiber content then it is possible to increase the risk of diabetes.
- Condition of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS); Occurs in women, characterized by irregular menstruation, large hair growth (whiskers, hair on arms, etc.), and obesity.
These are the risk factors that can cause diabetes. There are other things that you must observe, namely the symptoms of diabetes. Because if the symptoms of diabetes appear, it is time to handle and how to prevent diabetes is necessary.
Symptoms of Diabetes
One should be aware of the following symptoms of diabetes:
- Always thirsty (polidipsi),
- Plenty to eat (poliphagi),
- Lots of urine (polyuria),
- The body is always limp and weight decreases drastically, although the patient eats and drinks a lot.
Then, what can be done if the symptoms appear? You can address the symptoms in the following ways:
1. Start Watching Your Blood Sugar Level
The way is quite simple, that is enough to look at your blood sugar levels. Here’s how to look at your blood sugar levels:
Determination of normal blood sugar levels is seen from the time of measurement of blood collection, therefore there is a value of blood sugar when (blood is taken at that time), during fasting and two hours after eating. Here’s the normal value of each:
- Blood sugar level when: Calculation of blood sugar at any time. Normal value is less than 140 mg / dl.
- Fasting blood sugar level: Calculation of blood sugar calculated during fasting (last eight hours) with normal value less than 100 mg / dl.
- Blood sugar levels two hours after meals: Calculation of blood sugar at two hours after eating with a normal value of less than 140 mg / dl.
2. Begin To Consult Your Doctor
By visiting a doctor and getting an examination, the doctor will begin to provide advice and recommendations of diabetes handling and prevention measures to avoid getting worse.
The reason, if the condition of diabetes is underestimated and left without treatment then the great risk of disease complications which is more deadly, such as:
- Kidney failure is mild to severe.
- Blurred eyes are caused by cataracts or retinal damage.
- Disorders of peripheral nerves (parts of the nervous system inside the nerve consist of cells that carry information to the sensory (sensory nerve cells) and from the central nervous system (CNS), which are located outside the brain and spinal cord) characterized by symptoms of tingling, numbness and immune to the limbs.
- Central nervous disorders (part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord) that can cause brain circulatory disturbances that lead to the occurrence of stroke.
- Heart disease in the form of coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease is a disease in the heart blood vessels caused by the fat inside the blood vessel wall.
- Liver disorders include fat deposits in the liver and damage to the liver.
- Disorders of blood vessels in the form of hypertension (high blood) and blockage of blood vessel wall (arterosclerosis).
- Disorders of the nerves and blood vessels can cause impotence.
- The lungs become susceptible to tuberculosis (TB).
Diabetes mellitus is a preventable disease. So do diabetes prevention and immediately identify the risk factors you have. If you have risk factors mentioned above, immediately do diabetes prevention efforts by checking your blood sugar levels regularly, healthy diet, regular exercise, quit smoking, and controlling underlying diseases (hypertension, cholesterol, PCO).
How To Prevent & Control Diabetes Disease
Here’s how to prevent and control diabetes:
1. Keeping blood sugar levels by
- Always control your blood sugar levels by performing regular blood sugar checks.
- Drinking drugs regularly. Anti diabetic medications are tablets (oral) or insulin injections (injections).
2. Exercise regularly twice a week. Exercise can help people to maintain weight, burn calories, lower the immunity to the hormone insulin and keep blood sugar levels remain in normal circumstances.
3. Maintain food intake. To determine the exact calorie needs of each diabetic, calculations are needed to facilitate the determination of a standard diet usually given by a nutritionist or a nutrition specialist.
How To Handle Diabetes
Currently, type 1 diabetes can only be treated by using insulin, with careful monitoring of blood glucose levels through blood testing monitors. While in type 2 diabetes, the main treatment is done by doing diet and regular exercise. If not help needed anti diabetic drug therapy.
The success of MD therapy is largely determined by the role of the patient in controlling and taking care of himself. Through education the patient will know how his own business or his role in helping doctor therapy.
Things that can be done by patients themselves in improving the success of MD therapy are:
- regulate his diet.
- looking after healthy feet.
- treat wounds.
- injecting insulin alone.
- set the sports portion.
- monitor blood sugar and sugar levels in the urine.
The last thing to know is the need for support from people closest to people with diabetes. Family support, friends or relationships to people with diabetes can provide an encouragement to live a healthy lifestyle.