Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that is manifests during pregnancy. If you have diabetes gestational, it is likely that you and your developing baby present high levels of glucose (too much glucose or “sugar in the blood). This can cause them problems both during pregnancy, in childbirth, and in the years to come.
Fortunately, there is a lot you can do to help control your blood glucose and reduce the risks to our health. Follow a feeding plan It is one of the most important parts of your treatment. Your doctor or health care provider (dietitian certificate [RD, for its acronym in English] or guidance in diabetes) will work with you to develop a plan for personalized feeding This booklet offers a plan on white for you to complete and use it, as well as information you need to get the most out of it of the same.
Basic Concepts For Diet Plan
Diet plans for gestational diabetes are based on some basic concepts:
- Carbohydrates are important. All foods they contain a combination of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Fats and proteins affect your level of blood glucose over many hours, but Carbohydrates affect it much faster. For this reason, you will have to control your intake of rich foods in carbohydrates (“carbs” in English). Your provider Healthcare will show you how to do it, and your plan feeding will help you stay on track.
- Nutrition is important Now more than ever, You need to choose healthy foods. The food nutrients support the growth and development of your baby, help control your gestational diabetes and keep it feeling good Your meal plan includes options healthy
- The time between meals and the size of the portions are important. To control gestational diabetes, you must control the way you eat. Your plan of feeding provides you with guidelines of when and how much to eat.
Frequently asked questions about the feeding plan for gestational diabetes
What foods are considered carbohydrates?
In your meal plan, only some types of foods are considered carbohydrates: starches, fruits, dairy and non-starchy vegetables. The Food Search table on page 3 gives examples and shows the portion sizes for these types of foods.
Do I have to try a diet that is very low in carbohydrates, such as the Atkins diet?
No. You (and your baby) need carbohydrates to stay healthy. Follow your meal plan to find out when and how much carbohydrate you should include in your meals and snacks.
Is it necessary to count the calories?
It depends. Some women with gestational diabetes need to count calories, but many others do not. Your meal plan will list all the goals you will have to achieve, and your health care provider can answer any questions you may have.
How can I know if my eating plan is working to control my diabetes gestational?
A health care provider will show you how to check your blood glucose level several times a day. The results of your tests will show how well you are controlling your gestational diabetes or if you need to make changes in your treatment. You will also be examined during your regular prenatal visits.
Your meal plan will show you specific food choices for the entire day and for each meal and snack. You may not always have your plan at hand. So it’s good to know that by following six simple steps, you can help control your blood glucose levels:
1 Eat small, frequent portions. Eat approximately every 2 or 3 hours. If you divide your carbohydrate intake evenly long day will help maintain your glucose level in stable blood.
2 At each meal and snack, include some healthy protein. This also helps balance your blood glucose level. What’s more, proteins help you feel fulfilled and full of energy throughout the day.
3 Eat a very light breakfast, with a similar snack midmorning about 2 hours later. When you have gestational diabetes, your blood glucose tends to be high in the morning. To make up for this, your meal plan will probably include less carbohydrates at breakfast than at lunch or dinner. For example, your plan may show a breakfast that includes a serving of milk, a serving of starch, and some protein.
4 Choose foods rich in fiber. Some good sources are: breads and whole grains, fresh and frozen vegetables, and beans. Fruits are also a good source of fiber; most plans include fruit
at meals and snacks in the afternoon or evening.
5 Be careful with sugars and sugary sweets. Sugary foods raise the level of glucose in
blood quickly and significantly, and do not provide much nutritional value. So do the following:
- Do not drink fruit juice, and consume your fruit portions later in the day (not at breakfast). Although fruits are a healthy source of carbohydrates, their carbohydrates are easily absorbed and tend to raise blood glucose levels quickly.
- Avoid sugary sodas, juices and fruit drinks, nectars, sweetened Kool-Aid, Hi-C. Carbohydrate-rich drinks like these increase your blood glucose quickly.
- Limit desserts such as ice cream, pies, cakes, cookies, etc. (These foods usually have large amounts of sugar, honey or other sweeteners, such as sucrose, fructose, corn syrup, dextrose, molasses, or fruit juices).
- Read the labels carefully and review them to see the total amount of carbohydrates per serving.
6 Be careful with fats, especially if you are winning weight. Here are some tips:
- Buy foods with protein without fats, such as birds, Roasted meat, ham and fish. Limit cold meats, bacon, sausages and hot dogs.
- Remove all visible fat by removing the skin from the birds and cutting out the fat from the meat.
- Bake, steam, boil or broil your food
- Avoid frying foods. If you do, use pans non-stick, vegetable oil spray or small amounts of oil (1 or 2 teaspoons).
- Consume skim milk and low-fat dairy products in fat (1%).
- Limit or avoid adding extra fat, such as butter, margarine, sour cream, mayonnaise, avocado (avocado), cream, cream cheese, salad dressings, or fruits dried (nuts).
- Avoid precooked (prepared) foods. These they often contain more carbohydrates, fats and sodium.
- Avoid instant noodles, canned soups, potatoes snapshots, frozen meals and packaged foods.
… And do not forget
- Follow the rest of your treatment plan for gestational diabetes. Your plan food can be only part of your treatment. Follow the advice of your team health care for any daily test, Exercise plan or medication.
- Keep taking your prenatal vitamins daily as directed by your doctor or midwife.
- Do not consume alcoholic beverages. Any amount of alcohol is considered safe for a baby in development.
- Keep in touch Contact your health care provider if you have questions or concerns about your meal plan or your pregnancy. Attend your monthly consultation appointments prenatal care with your doctor or midwife.
- Enjoy your pregnancy! Remember that most Babies born to women with gestational diabetes they are healthy. Follow your treatment plan, try Do not worry, and be happy to meet soon your baby.
Gestational diabetes: 2000 calorie meal plan
Guidelines to help control gestational diabetes
1. Don’t skip meals. Eat 3 meals plus 3 snacks every day. Eat meals at consistent times each day. Always eat a before-bed snack.
2. It is especially important to eat the grams of carbohydrate that are planned per meal and snack. Please call your provider if you have problems following your meal plan.
3. Avoid sugar and concentrated sweet foods and beverages. It is especially difficult to control blood glucose levels in gestational diabetes when any sweets are eaten.
4. Choose higher fiber foods. Eating fiber as part of your meal can slow the rise in your blood glucose level.
5. Talk to your provider about seeing a dietician for one-on-one counseling to develop a meal plan that’s right for you. This is especially important if you have a multiple pregnancy (like twins or triplets), special nutritional needs, or have had gastric bypass surgery.
Protein and fats – you need these during pregnancy
Protein and fats provide essential nutrients for your baby’s development, so eating these in moderation is good during pregnancy. Choose unsaturated fats including omega-3 and mono-or polyunsaturated fat. Limit foods with saturated and transfats, which can raise your cholesterol levels.
Each of the following is about 15 grams of carbohydrate:
- 1 slice bread or small dinner roll
- 6 saltine crackers
- ½ English muffin
- ½ cup corn, potato, green peas, yam, or sweet potato
- 1 cup winter squash (butternut or acorn)
- 1 cup vegetables mixed with corn, peas, and beans
- ½ cup cooked cereal
- ¾ cup unsweetened cereal fl akes
- ⅓ cup pasta or rice
- ⅓ cup cooked polenta, couscous, or quinoa
- ½ cup cooked dried beans, peas, or lentils
Non-starchy Vegetables. 3 cups raw or 1½ cups cooked vegetables, or 1½ cups vegetable juice – examples include:
- Green beans
- Greens (such as collard, kale, mustard, and turnip)
- Snap peas
- Small apple, pear, or orange
- ½ banana
- ½ cup canned fruit (no sugar added)
- 1 cup berries or melon
- ½ cup fruit juice
Milk and yogurt
- 1 cup nonfat, low-fat, or 2% milk
- 6 ounces sugar-free nonfat or low-fat yogurt
Protein and fats — Lean proteins and healthy fats are not carbohydrates.
Lean protein—1 serving is 1 oz.
- Chicken, other poultry without skin
- Beef, pork, lamb, or veal trimmed of fat
- Fish and shellfish
- Cheese and cottage cheese
- Tofu and tempeh
- Cooked soy beans (edamame)
- 2 egg whites or ¼ cup egg substitute
- 1 whole egg
- 1 Tbsp peanut butter
- 2 Tbsp low-fat salad dressing
- 1 Tbsp low-fat mayo
- 1 tsp olive or canola oil
- 1 tsp soft tub margarine or 2 tsp of reduced fat margarine
- 6 nuts (almonds or cashews)
For more food examples for meal planning, contact the Kaiser Permanente Resource Line for a free food exchange booklet. Call toll-free at 1-800-992-2279.