Recently, there are about 5% of pregnant women affected by gestational diabetes; with 10% of these require the use of insulin. Therefore, Gestational diabetes meal plan during pregnancy is very important, and making smart choices in diet is needed for all pregnant women, but it is especially important for women diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is a condition that causes high blood sugar during pregnancy. The goal of a diet plan for gestational diabetes is to help you keep your blood sugar levels within the normal range to promote a pregnancy and a healthy baby. Consult a dietitian to talk about your gestational diet
Take into account the Calories you need
In order to plan your diet, you need to know how many calories you need each day to promote a healthy weight gain. It is suggested that women with gestational diabetes need around 2,000 calories to 2,500 calories a day to meet nutrient needs and promote proper weight gain. This is based on the calorie needs of pregnancy (35 calories per kilogram of body weight).
Of course, calorie needs are different for everyone, and some women can benefit from a low-calorie diet to help achieve better blood sugar control. Your dietitian can help you determine your personal calorie intake so that you have a healthy weight gain, while controlling your blood sugar level.
The most important part of your diet for gestational diabetes is the control of carbohydrate intake, since these foods have the greatest impact on blood glucose. Your dietitian can help you determine your daily carbohydrate needs, which can range from 35 percent to 40 percent of calories. For example, in a 2,200-calorie diet, 770 calories to 880 calories should come from carbohydrates, or 192 to 220 grams of carbohydrates a day. These carbohydrates should be distributed evenly between the three meals and two or three snacks.
Foods that contain carbohydrates include foods rich in starch, such as potatoes and peas, breads, cereals, grains, pasta, beans, lentils, milk, yogurt and fruit. Food labels and carbohydrate counting books can help control your carbohydrate intake. In general, 1 cup of milk or yogurt, a small piece of fruit or 1/2 cup of cut fruit, a slice of bread, 1/3 cup of pasta or cooked rice, 1/2 cup of oatmeal or 1 / 2 cups of peas or potatoes are equal to 15 grams of carbohydrates.
Additional Tips for a diet for gestational diabetes
Protein foods, such as tofu, eggs, cheese, meat, fish and poultry, are an important part of any diet plan for gestational diabetes and should be included in every meal and snack to help meet nutritional needs and to help the control of blood sugar. Non-starchy vegetables such as cucumbers, peppers, broccoli and carrots are considered free foods and do not have to be counted or distributed in portions.
Do not eat more than three servings of fruit per day and avoid fruit juices. You should also limit sweets, such as cakes, cookies and candies. Blood sugar is difficult to handle at breakfast, and it is recommended to limit carbohydrates to two servings and avoid milk and fruit.
Now that you know what foods to avoid and which ones to eat in moderation, it’s time to analyze the rest of your diet. While your doctor or dietitian can adapt a diet to suit your weight and nutritional needs, pregnant women with gestational diabetes should eat the following every day: six to 10 servings of bread and grains, most of them whole grains; two to three servings of fruit, and you should choose whole fruit instead of juice; four or more servings of vegetables; three to four servings of dairy products; and three servings of meat or other proteins, including fish, nuts and eggs. And the meat must be lean.
The sugars and fats that have been refined should be consumed with much moderation. Also, remember that it is convenient to spread your food over the course of the day, including eating five or six times to help maintain blood sugar levels. That’s why it’s good to prepare special sandwiches to eat between important meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner).
If you need 2200 calories a day, a healthy breakfast for a person with gestational diabetes could include two slices of whole wheat bread with 1 1/2 tablespoons of peanut butter and a glass of water. If for personal taste you need a hot drink like coffee or morning tea, talk to your doctor about the healthier options. This meal contains 360 calories and 30 grams of carbohydrates.
For a mid-morning snack, consider a container of fat-free, sugar-free yogurt with a small apple and 1 ounce of cheese; that’s equivalent to 250 calories and 30 grams of carbohydrates.
At lunch, enjoy a turkey sandwich with 3 ounces of turkey meat, 1 ounce of cheese on two slices of whole wheat bread. Accompany it with 1 cup of low-fat milk, mixed vegetables with balsamic vinaigrette and 3/4 cup of fresh blueberries. This meal contains 615 calories and 60 grams of carbohydrates.
In the mid-afternoon, a healthy snack could include 3/4 cup of whole grain cereals without sugar, cold cereal with 1 cup of skim milk and a hard-boiled egg; This equates to 275 calories and 30 grams of carbohydrates.
A cup of tofu, 12 cashew nuts (merey), 1/2 cup of chickpeas, Chinese cabbage, carrots, mung bean sprouts and scrambled broccoli fried in vegetable oil and soy sauce low in sodium and served with 1 cup of brown rice is a healthy meal that makes dinner carbohydrates come under control. This meal contains 690 calories and 60 grams of carbohydrates.
We hope Gestational Diabetes Meal Plan During Pregnancy can help you develop your diet that allows you to live better.