KAD or Ketoacidosis is a serious condition that can cause diabetic coma (fainting for a long time) or even death. Diabetic coma occurs in diabetics who have very high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) or very low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Patients who are diabetic coma still alive but unable to respond to stimuli such as sound, color, or light.
Symptoms of Diabetic Coma
Before getting diabetic coma, usually the patient will have signs and symptoms of high blood sugar or low blood sugar.
- High blood sugar (hyperglycemia). If the sugar level is too high, the patient may experience the following symptoms:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Nausea and vomiting
- Shortness of breath
- Abdominal pain
- Breath of fruit
- The heart is beating fast
- Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). If the sugar level is too low, the patient may feel the symptoms:
- Trembling or nervous
- Easy to get angry
- Irregular heartbeat or fast pounding
- Aggressive behavior
Some people develop a condition known as hypoglycemia unawareness and do not experience the symptoms of blood sugar levels as mentioned above.
Causes of Extreme Sugar Levels
Factors that can increase sugar levels or lower sugar levels to the extreme conditions include:
- Insulin supply problems. Diabetics who use insulin pumps must often check their blood sugar levels. This is because the pump could have problems so that the insulin supply stop the body. Lack of insulin can cause diabetic ketoacidosis. People with type 1 diabetes are more at risk
- Illness, trauma, or surgery. When sick or injured blood sugar levels tend to rise, even sometimes rise dramatically. This can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis especially in type 1 diabetics. Other health conditions or problems, such as congestive heart failure or kidney disease may increase the risk of hypereosmolar diabetic syndrome. Increase your intake of insulin to compensate.
- Diabetes that is not treated properly. Blood sugar that is not monitored or not taking medication as recommended may increase the risk of diabetic complications and diabetic coma.
- Skipping the use of insulin. Sometimes, diabetics who also have an eating disorder choose not to use insulin in hopes of losing weight. This is a dangerous practice that can increase the risk of diabetic coma.
- Drinking alcohol. Alcohol can have an unexpected effect on blood sugar. Alcohol can lower blood sugar levels thus increasing the risk of diabetic coma caused by hypoglycemia.
Drug use. Illicit drugs such as cocaine and ecstasy can increase blood sugar levels, as well as at risk of diabetic coma.
Causes of Diabetic Coma
Extreme blood sugar levels are prolonged. Blood sugar that is too high or too low in the long run can cause diabetic coma.
Here are some of the causes of diabetic coma:
1. Diabetic ketoacidosis (diabetic ketoacidosis)
When muscle cells need energy, the body responds by breaking down fat deposits. This process forms a toxic acid known as ketone. If left untreated, ketoacidosis can lead to diabetic coma. Diabetic ketoacidosis is most common in people with type 1 diabetes, but it can also affect people with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes.
2. Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome (diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome)
When the peak blood sugar level is measured at 600 mg / dL or 33 mmol / L, this condition is known as hyperosmolar diabetic syndrome. When blood sugar reaches this level, the blood becomes thick and sweet. Excess sugar is then thrown into the urine that triggers the discharge of large amounts of fluid from the body. If left untreated, hyperosmolar diabetes syndrome can cause dehydration and lead to coma. Hyperosmolar syndrome is common in middle-aged diabetics who have type-2 diabetes.
The brain needs glucose to function normally. Low blood sugar levels can cause fainting. Hypoglycemia can be caused by too high insulin levels or too little to eat. Exercising too hard or drinking too much alcohol can also be a cause.
How To Avoid Diabetic Coma
Consult your doctor regularly, and follow your doctor’s advice on medicines and lifestyle-related changes.
- Keep blood sugar levels.
- If your blood sugar level is low, you can consume glucose tablets, or fast-digested carbohydrate rich foods. This can help restore normal blood sugar levels.
Dex4 Glucose Tablets, Orange
Dex4 glucose tablets increase blood sugar levels quickly and increase energy. They are great for correcting mild and moderate episodes of hypoglycaemia. The Dex4 glucose tablets taste good and have 4 grams of carbohydrates per tablet. They are free of fat, sodium, caffeine and gluten free.
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Dextrose (D-glucose), potassium citrate, microcrystalline cellulose, citric acid, hydrogenated vegetable oil (cottonseed) *, magnesium stearate, malic acid, FD & C Yellow # 6, Aluminum lacquer, ascorbic acid, natural flavor and artificial. * Add a small amount of fat
Chew the desired amount of glucose. Please consult your doctor to determine the best serving size for you. Store at room temperature. Keep it well closed and away from moisture.
- Rapidly dissolves blood sugar and increases energy
- No caffeine, no gluten, no sodium, no fat
- 4 grams of fast-acting carbohydrates per tablet
- Easy to re-install the reusable hoses; Take them everywhere
- Enjoy the sweet orange flavor throughout the year
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