Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Options

You or someone you know was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. This document describes some ways to help you manage it. There are steps you can take to help keep your glucose or blood sugar within the normal range. This can help you avoid the complications of type 2 diabetes.

What you can do to treat type 2 diabetes

Before starting any treatment, diet or exercise program, consult your doctor: Your treatment options may include a combination of the following:

  • A healthy diet
  • Perform exercise on a regular basis
  • Take medications as prescribed by the doctor
  • Some people may also need to check their blood sugar if the doctor tells them to.

Healthy Eating

Eating a healthy diet can help you lower your blood sugar level. You can do this by following these suggestions:Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Options 1

  • Eat the proper balance of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
  • Reduce your intake of foods high in sugar.
  • Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and cereals integrals
  • Make your meals and snacks at the same time everyday.

Exercise therapy Performing exercises in a regular way, even only 30 minutes a day, you can:

  • Decrease your blood sugar level.
  • Derive in weight loss. Talk to your doctor before beginning an exercise program.


You may need one or more diabetes medications orally or injected to help lower your blood sugar. These medications work in several ways.

Your medicine can do the following:

  • Increase the amount of insulin produced by the pancreas.
  • Reduce insulin resistance in the muscles skeletal
  • Make certain tissues more sensitive to insulin.
  • Make the digestive system absorb less sugar.
  • Let chemicals that help lower blood sugar levels remain active for more weather.
  • Help the pancreas release insulin when the blood sugar is high, or to release less insulin when the blood sugar is low.
  • Increase the amount of sugar excreted in the urine.

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment OptionsIf your diabetes can not be controlled with diet, exercise, or other medications, your doctor may prescribe insulin. A health care professional will teach you how to inject it under your skin.

Blood glucose control You may need to control your blood sugar level with a glucometer.

Ask your doctor how often you must control it. You will need:

  • Pinching your finger.
  • Place a drop of blood on a glucometer.
  • Considering your blood sugar level, you may need to adjust your meals, physical activity or medication dose, as your doctor tells you.

By controlling your blood sugar level, you can avoid the occurrence of complications of type 2 diabetes.

It is important that you take your medications as directed by the doctor Do not leave your medication unless your doctor tells you to, tell your doctor about any side effects you may have.

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The information in this booklet has been created and reviewed by illustrators with medical-level titles, followed by reviews by medical experts, physicians or doctors of the Nucleus medical review board, to ensure medical accuracy and suitability for the level of the audience.

The purpose of this booklet is to supplement the information you receive from your health care provider and should never be considered as personal medical indications. Always contact your health care provider to resolve your questions and concerns.


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