Pre-diabetes is a “pre-diagnosis” of diabetes. You can think of it as a warning sign. It is a wake-up call, the road to diabetes.
Pre-diabetes means that the blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes. This is known as “borderline diabetes” or glucose intolerance. Generally, the body creates a hormone called insulin and controls the blood glucose level. When there is prediabetes, the system does not work on its own.
After eating, you can not produce enough insulin or your body may not react properly to insulin. When the fasting blood glucose level is 100 to 125 mg / dl, there is prediabetes. In this case, the doctor will recommend more tests. With the oral glucose tolerance test and the glycosylated hemoglobin test (HBA 1 c), pre-diabetic patients can be identified.
When you are in the prediabetes stage, you may not have any symptoms. Prediabetes can cause symptoms of diabetes, such as increased thirst, increased urination, increased starvation, weight loss, etc.
One of the signs that you may be at risk for type 2 diabetes is that the skin in certain parts of the body darkens. This condition is called epidermal erythema. Common areas that may be affected include the neck, underarms, elbows, knees, and knee joints.
Without intervention, prediabetes is likely to become type 2 diabetes in 10 years. If you have pre-diabetes, the long-term damage to diabetes, especially the heart and circulatory system, may already have begun.
But there is good news. Prepartum is an opportunity to improve your health. The progression from pre-diabetes to type 2 diabetes is inevitable.
In the case of prediabetes, there are important measures as follows.
- Eat healthy foods
- Include physical activity in your daily routine
- To maintain health
You are key to the management of prediabetes and to prevent the progression towards type 2 diabetes and its complications.
5 Signs of Prediabetes That Are Easy to Overlook
1. You’re in a high-risk group for type 2 diabetes.
The researchers identified specific people who are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. These people are also at risk of pre-diabetes. People with a family history of diabetes, indigenous, South Asian, Asian, African, and Hispanic have a high risk of pre-diabetes. Other risk factors include lifestyle that is over 45 and has a comfortable lifestyle.
2. There is a health problem related to prediabetes.
Your body condition sometimes refers to hyperglycemia. If you are overweight or obese, if your body mass index is 25 feet or more, you may have prediabetes. This also applies to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease or polycystic ovarian syndrome. If you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes or diabetes during pregnancy, prediabetes can develop after birth.
3. It has the symptoms of classic diabetes.
“Most pre-diabetic patients do not have any symptoms,” says Dr. Harris. However, in some cases, people with high blood glucose levels may experience hunger, frequent pacifiers or unexplained fatigue. “Prediabetes has a fairly subtle tendency,” says Dr. Harris.
4. There is a new and strange dark patch on your skin.
Pre-diabetic people can develop skin diseases called pigmentation (acanthosis nigricans). It appears as a thick and thick patch in the folds and folds of the skin of your body. Black people with a dermal appearance often appear on the neck, armpit, inside the elbow, behind the knee and above the knee.
You never sleep much.
Although it may seem unique, those who sleep at night for less than 6 hours are more likely to become pre-diabetic. Researchers believe that this is the result of hormonal association, nervous system and sleep disorder.
Keep in mind that there is a possibility of prediabetes without these signs.
Certainly, the best way to find out is to ask a general practitioner for a simple fasting blood glucose test. Your doctor may suggest that you follow an oral glucose tolerance test if the glucose level falls within the pre-diabetes category 6.1 – 6.9 mmol / L. When you drink a super-sweet beverage, the sugar level in the Blood is measured again and you can see how well your body is handling the sugar challenge.
“It’s like a pancreatic stress test,” says Dr. Harris. For pre-diabetic patients, the blood sugar level will be higher than normal.
The Canadian Diabetes Association recommends that people over 40 measure blood sugar. If your document does not remove it, you should do so. Dr. Harris says the following. It is the best way to ensure that prediabetes is eliminated.
Three ways to prevent newborns beginning with type 2 diabetes
The American Diabetes Society states that a significant lifestyle change is effective in preventing type 2 diabetes after you have been diagnosed with pre-diabetes. You should talk with your doctor about what you should focus on, but Dr. Mosquera has four strategies that the former doctor emphasizes:
We lose weight
If your weight is over, you need to start weight loss management as soon as you are diagnosed with pre-diabetes.
“The most important thing to fight pre-diabetes is not to increase your weight, but if you are overweight, you need to tackle it to be the ideal weight,” Dr. Mosquera says.
The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure of weight gain. The BMI chart will help you to know if you are normal weight, overweight, or obese. You can see here.
“In addition to body weight, the position of the excess fat of the body is also important, for example, the lumbar measurement value of more than 40 inches for men and 35 inches for females is associated with insulin resistance, type 2 In order to increase the risk of diabetes, it may be better to concentrate on losing abdominal fat.
Losing just 5 to 10% of your weight can greatly reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease.
The combination of eating well and exercising is a great way to lose pounds and maintain a healthy weight.
Practice nutrition management:
“The average American consumed 2,200 calories a day in the 1980’s and eats 3500 calories a day, the fact that it consumes more than 50% more calories than 30 years ago Shows that the case is mostly caused by obesity, we have less overall to eat and less calories in the sky, “Dr. Moskela believes.
Primary care physician, registered nutritionist (RD) or certified diabetes educator (CDE) will help you to create a good meal plan for your blood sugar.
The goal of having a set meal plan is to control your blood sugar level and keep it consistently healthy and normal.
“Your meal plan should only be done for you, taking into account your overall health, physical activity, and what you want to eat.Health care professionals have at the time It is important that being personalized is so important. “Memo Dr. Mosquera.
As you exercise, your body uses more glucose, so exercise can lower your blood sugar level.
Even during exercise, the amount of insulin necessary for transporting glucose into the body is not so much, naturally lowering insulin resistance in the body.
“Because pre-diabetic patients do not use insulin well in the body, it is very good that low insulin resistance is good,” Dr. Mosquera said.
The American Diabetes Society recommends moderate activities in about 150 minutes per week. This is 5 times a week, about 30 minutes.
“Focusing on exercising every other day in the week is about 30 to 40 minutes I would like to do aerobic exercise such as active walking, cycling, swimming, etc. In a new study, It has been shown that it is particularly beneficial to walk a meal and walk for 10 minutes. “Dr. Mosquera
If you do not make changes with prediabetic, what will probably happen?
According to the Mayo Clinic, type 2 diabetes can develop within 10 years if it does not change lifestyle with pre-diabetes.
Discuss with your doctor about medication options:
“Many people with type 2 diabetes have undergone pharmacotherapy to help control blood glucose levels, but please be careful when using pre-diabetes medications and discuss with your doctor.
However, for those with a particularly high risk of becoming type 2 diabetes after having been diagnosed with pre-diabetes for reasons such as lifestyle, inheritance, etc., the doctor may recommend medicine in an easy-to-understand way.
According to the American Diabetes Association, metformin must be the only drug used to prevent Type 2. Maintain the liver when the liver is not needed,
Other symptoms of PREDIABETES
According to the Mayo Clinic, other symptoms of pre-diabetes other than fasting blood glucose of 100- 126,
- Increase in thirst
- Urinary frequency
- Blurred vision
Check the desolated blood sugar to avoid symptoms:
“The best way to fight pre-diabetes is to check your fasting blood glucose on a daily basis,” says to Dr. Mosquera.
“You can go to a number of mini-clinics operated by major pharmacy chains such as CVS, Wolgreen, Wal-Mart, etc. Plans or appoints blood glucose, cholesterol, blood pressure less than 100 dollars.
You can also buy an effective $ 10 to $ 200 device at a pharmacy or online and regularly check your blood glucose level at fasting at home.